Apartheid

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Johan Strand NV3A, Ebersteinska Gymnasiet English C Project Work January 14
th , 2012
Tutor: Kristina Keldusild ApartheidJohan Strand NV3A, Ebersteinska Gymnasiet English C Project Work January 14
th , 2012
Tutor: Kristina Keldusild Apartheid Table of Content Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 3
Background .............................................................................................................................. 3
Aim ....................................................................................................................................... 3
Method ............................................................................................................................... 3
Results ..................................................................................................................................... 4
...................................................................................................................................................
Why was it established? ...................................................................................................... 4
How could it be so
successful?................................................................................. ..................5
How does it affect today’s
life?..................................................................................................6
Discussion…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….6, 7
Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………7
Sources……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..8Johan Strand NV3A, Ebersteinska Gymnasiet English C Project Work January 14
th , 2012
Tutor: Kristina Keldusild Apartheid Table of Content Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 3
Background .............................................................................................................................. 3
Aim ....................................................................................................................................... 3
Method ............................................................................................................................... 3
Results ..................................................................................................................................... 4
...................................................................................................................................................
Why was it established? ...................................................................................................... 4
How could it be so
successful?................................................................................. ..................5
How does it affect today’s
life?..................................................................................................6
Discussion…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….6, 7
Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………7
Sources……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..8
Introduction Background The infamous Apartheid in South Africa was one of the uttermost crimes ever to take place
against human rights. Segregation due to skin colour was not an uncommon phenomenon at
this time however, such absolute segregation as the Apartheid was where white and
coloured citizens could not even use the same public staircases was exceptional for South
Africa.
Aim After the Second World War the atrocious consequences of law based racism were evident.
Nevertheless South African government chose to institute laws of restrictions to the
coloured inhabitants of their nation. This makes me wonder; why did the government, even
though they possessed knowledge of the appalling costs, still establish this systematic
discrimination?
To protect human rights and prevent segregation of the same magnitude as the Holocaust,
or Apartheid, from happening again the UN was founded after the end of the war.
Nevertheless the Apartheid was founded without any major actions from this organization.
How is it that the South African rulers succeeded in doing so?
The Apartheid system is now officially removed. However, after living segregated for such a
long time as the different colours did with vast diverse opportunities in their lives it would
most certainly leave subconscious dislike for generations. So I wonder, how does the
Apartheid system affect the life of the South African population today?
Method To answer the questions listed above I have used two different methods. I thought that it
surely must exist an immense amount of facts considering the subject of Apartheid so I read
several different reports on the matter and its background to come to conclusions answering
the questions myself. However, to know how it affects the life in South Africa I thought that
you have to live there so I interviewed a citizen and made my conclusions based on that.Johan Strand NV3A, Ebersteinska Gymnasiet English C Project Work January 14
th , 2012
Tutor: Kristina Keldusild Apartheid Table of Content Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 3
Background .............................................................................................................................. 3
Aim ....................................................................................................................................... 3
Method ............................................................................................................................... 3
Results ..................................................................................................................................... 4
...................................................................................................................................................
Why was it established? ...................................................................................................... 4
How could it be so
successful?................................................................................. ..................5
How does it affect today’s
life?..................................................................................................6
Discussion…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….6, 7
Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………7
Sources……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..8
Introduction Background The infamous Apartheid in South Africa was one of the uttermost crimes ever to take place
against human rights. Segregation due to skin colour was not an uncommon phenomenon at
this time however, such absolute segregation as the Apartheid was where white and
coloured citizens could not even use the same public staircases was exceptional for South
Africa.
Aim After the Second World War the atrocious consequences of law based racism were evident.
Nevertheless South African government chose to institute laws of restrictions to the
coloured inhabitants of their nation. This makes me wonder; why did the government, even
though they possessed knowledge of the appalling costs, still establish this systematic
discrimination?
To protect human rights and prevent segregation of the same magnitude as the Holocaust,
or Apartheid, from happening again the UN was founded after the end of the war.
Nevertheless the Apartheid was founded without any major actions from this organization.
How is it that the South African rulers succeeded in doing so?
The Apartheid system is now officially removed. However, after living segregated for such a
long time as the different colours did with vast diverse opportunities in their lives it would
most certainly leave subconscious dislike for generations. So I wonder, how does the
Apartheid system affect the life of the South African population today?
Method To answer the questions listed above I have used two different methods. I thought that it
surely must exist an immense amount of facts considering the subject of Apartheid so I read
several different reports on the matter and its background to come to conclusions answering
the questions myself. However, to know how it affects the life in South Africa I thought that
you have to live there so I interviewed a citizen and made my conclusions based on that.
Results Why did the government establish the Apartheid? Black people were immediately repressed when the Dutch colonized South Africa in 1652.
Their rights in political matters were nonexistent and whites enslaved them by the force of
the ir white weapon technology.
In the late 19
th century when an increasing amount of natural resources were shown to be
positioned in dense quantities in the South African soil the British got exceedingly interested
in the land and thus invaded the two Dutch colonies that were situated in South Africa. This
invasion caused a great discontent among the Dutch inhabitants of the land and triggered
two civil wars. When these conflicts came to an end, with the Brits as winners, the two
nationalities had to learn how co-exist and oppress their hatred towards each other.
In the 1948’s election the “Afrikaners National Party” won, and the party’s strategists
devised a plan meant to accomplish two things. First off, they wanted to have the right by
law to enslave and keep control of the vast black majority that inhabited the country. In
order achieve the control over that mass they had to unite all the whites living in South
Africa. The union of the whites was, according to my analysis, their second and veiled
ambition which they had to fulfil in order to keep the white “supremacy” in absolute power
of the nation. Thus the two main purposes of the Apartheid were dependent on the other in
order to exist.
The reason why racial segregation was found necessary, though, was because of the moral
remains from the colonial era when black people were considered to be barbarians unable
of common sense and logical thinking. Hence they were thought of as able of performing
exclusively physical labour.Johan Strand NV3A, Ebersteinska Gymnasiet English C Project Work January 14
th , 2012
Tutor: Kristina Keldusild Apartheid Table of Content Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 3
Background .............................................................................................................................. 3
Aim ....................................................................................................................................... 3
Method ............................................................................................................................... 3
Results ..................................................................................................................................... 4
...................................................................................................................................................
Why was it established? ...................................................................................................... 4
How could it be so
successful?................................................................................. ..................5
How does it affect today’s
life?..................................................................................................6
Discussion…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….6, 7
Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………7
Sources……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..8
Introduction Background The infamous Apartheid in South Africa was one of the uttermost crimes ever to take place
against human rights. Segregation due to skin colour was not an uncommon phenomenon at
this time however, such absolute segregation as the Apartheid was where white and
coloured citizens could not even use the same public staircases was exceptional for South
Africa.
Aim After the Second World War the atrocious consequences of law based racism were evident.
Nevertheless South African government chose to institute laws of restrictions to the
coloured inhabitants of their nation. This makes me wonder; why did the government, even
though they possessed knowledge of the appalling costs, still establish this systematic
discrimination?
To protect human rights and prevent segregation of the same magnitude as the Holocaust,
or Apartheid, from happening again the UN was founded after the end of the war.
Nevertheless the Apartheid was founded without any major actions from this organization.
How is it that the South African rulers succeeded in doing so?
The Apartheid system is now officially removed. However, after living segregated for such a
long time as the different colours did with vast diverse opportunities in their lives it would
most certainly leave subconscious dislike for generations. So I wonder, how does the
Apartheid system affect the life of the South African population today?
Method To answer the questions listed above I have used two different methods. I thought that it
surely must exist an immense amount of facts considering the subject of Apartheid so I read
several different reports on the matter and its background to come to conclusions answering
the questions myself. However, to know how it affects the life in South Africa I thought that
you have to live there so I interviewed a citizen and made my conclusions based on that.
Results Why did the government establish the Apartheid? Black people were immediately repressed when the Dutch colonized South Africa in 1652.
Their rights in political matters were nonexistent and whites enslaved them by the force of
the ir white weapon technology.
In the late 19
th century when an increasing amount of natural resources were shown to be
positioned in dense quantities in the South African soil the British got exceedingly interested
in the land and thus invaded the two Dutch colonies that were situated in South Africa. This
invasion caused a great discontent among the Dutch inhabitants of the land and triggered
two civil wars. When these conflicts came to an end, with the Brits as winners, the two
nationalities had to learn how co-exist and oppress their hatred towards each other.
In the 1948’s election the “Afrikaners National Party” won, and the party’s strategists
devised a plan meant to accomplish two things. First off, they wanted to have the right by
law to enslave and keep control of the vast black majority that inhabited the country. In
order achieve the control over that mass they had to unite all the whites living in South
Africa. The union of the whites was, according to my analysis, their second and veiled
ambition which they had to fulfil in order to keep the white “supremacy” in absolute power
of the nation. Thus the two main purposes of the Apartheid were dependent on the other in
order to exist.
The reason why racial segregation was found necessary, though, was because of the moral
remains from the colonial era when black people were considered to be barbarians unable
of common sense and logical thinking. Hence they were thought of as able of performing
exclusively physical labour.
How did the South African government succeed in the founding of Apartheid without
evoking major reactions and actions of the UN? The strategists of the “Afrikaners National Party” were clever. When the different acts of
segregation were put in to use they did not launch them all at the same time , the first act
was in fact introduced 1950 and the final act in 1970.
The first law protected discrimination which was pinned was the “Group Areas Act”, this law
restricted and prohibited where black and coloured people were allowed to live and work.
No black were allowed to be the boss over a white and the coloured were not allowed to live
in the cities.
As the liberties of coloured people gradually decreased in South Africa the people in the rest
of the world got more irritated of the UN:s passivity in the matter and started to
demonstrate. When the white government of South Africa witnessed these tendenci es they
designed a smart solution to this problem. They created a number of so called “Bantustans”,
or homelands, these were situated in most infertile locations of South Africa. This was a
smart move for two reasons. First of all it satisfied the surrounding world by some degree
since these “Bantustans” were supposed to act as free states with their own black rulers. It
also got rid of the problem with the black political opposition since they could vote in their
own nation.
South Africa is an extremely wealthy country with plenty of natural resources , such as gold,
diamonds, platinum and fertile farmlands, and the main reason why the countries of the
western world did not produce any sustainable sanction towards them was because of just
that. The sanctions that were put up were merely actions to calm down the protesters, since
the sanctions were so shallow and easy to get dispensation from for the companies investing
in South Africa.
During the interview the South African interviewee clarified that she thought the reasons of
the submissiveness towards the Apartheid of the surrounding world was merely economical.Johan Strand NV3A, Ebersteinska Gymnasiet English C Project Work January 14
th , 2012
Tutor: Kristina Keldusild Apartheid Table of Content Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 3
Background .............................................................................................................................. 3
Aim ....................................................................................................................................... 3
Method ............................................................................................................................... 3
Results ..................................................................................................................................... 4
...................................................................................................................................................
Why was it established? ...................................................................................................... 4
How could it be so
successful?................................................................................. ..................5
How does it affect today’s
life?..................................................................................................6
Discussion…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….6, 7
Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………7
Sources……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..8
Introduction Background The infamous Apartheid in South Africa was one of the uttermost crimes ever to take place
against human rights. Segregation due to skin colour was not an uncommon phenomenon at
this time however, such absolute segregation as the Apartheid was where white and
coloured citizens could not even use the same public staircases was exceptional for South
Africa.
Aim After the Second World War the atrocious consequences of law based racism were evident.
Nevertheless South African government chose to institute laws of restrictions to the
coloured inhabitants of their nation. This makes me wonder; why did the government, even
though they possessed knowledge of the appalling costs, still establish this systematic
discrimination?
To protect human rights and prevent segregation of the same magnitude as the Holocaust,
or Apartheid, from happening again the UN was founded after the end of the war.
Nevertheless the Apartheid was founded without any major actions from this organization.
How is it that the South African rulers succeeded in doing so?
The Apartheid system is now officially removed. However, after living segregated for such a
long time as the different colours did with vast diverse opportunities in their lives it would
most certainly leave subconscious dislike for generations. So I wonder, how does the
Apartheid system affect the life of the South African population today?
Method To answer the questions listed above I have used two different methods. I thought that it
surely must exist an immense amount of facts considering the subject of Apartheid so I read
several different reports on the matter and its background to come to conclusions answering
the questions myself. However, to know how it affects the life in South Africa I thought that
you have to live there so I interviewed a citizen and made my conclusions based on that.
Results Why did the government establish the Apartheid? Black people were immediately repressed when the Dutch colonized South Africa in 1652.
Their rights in political matters were nonexistent and whites enslaved them by the force of
the ir white weapon technology.
In the late 19
th century when an increasing amount of natural resources were shown to be
positioned in dense quantities in the South African soil the British got exceedingly interested
in the land and thus invaded the two Dutch colonies that were situated in South Africa. This
invasion caused a great discontent among the Dutch inhabitants of the land and triggered
two civil wars. When these conflicts came to an end, with the Brits as winners, the two
nationalities had to learn how co-exist and oppress their hatred towards each other.
In the 1948’s election the “Afrikaners National Party” won, and the party’s strategists
devised a plan meant to accomplish two things. First off, they wanted to have the right by
law to enslave and keep control of the vast black majority that inhabited the country. In
order achieve the control over that mass they had to unite all the whites living in South
Africa. The union of the whites was, according to my analysis, their second and veiled
ambition which they had to fulfil in order to keep the white “supremacy” in absolute power
of the nation. Thus the two main purposes of the Apartheid were dependent on the other in
order to exist.
The reason why racial segregation was found necessary, though, was because of the moral
remains from the colonial era when black people were considered to be barbarians unable
of common sense and logical thinking. Hence they were thought of as able of performing
exclusively physical labour.
How did the South African government succeed in the founding of Apartheid without
evoking major reactions and actions of the UN? The strategists of the “Afrikaners National Party” were clever. When the different acts of
segregation were put in to use they did not launch them all at the same time , the first act
was in fact introduced 1950 and the final act in 1970.
The first law protected discrimination which was pinned was the “Group Areas Act”, this law
restricted and prohibited where black and coloured people were allowed to live and work.
No black were allowed to be the boss over a white and the coloured were not allowed to live
in the cities.
As the liberties of coloured people gradually decreased in South Africa the people in the rest
of the world got more irritated of the UN:s passivity in the matter and started to
demonstrate. When the white government of South Africa witnessed these tendenci es they
designed a smart solution to this problem. They created a number of so called “Bantustans”,
or homelands, these were situated in most infertile locations of South Africa. This was a
smart move for two reasons. First of all it satisfied the surrounding world by some degree
since these “Bantustans” were supposed to act as free states with their own black rulers. It
also got rid of the problem with the black political opposition since they could vote in their
own nation.
South Africa is an extremely wealthy country with plenty of natural resources , such as gold,
diamonds, platinum and fertile farmlands, and the main reason why the countries of the
western world did not produce any sustainable sanction towards them was because of just
that. The sanctions that were put up were merely actions to calm down the protesters, since
the sanctions were so shallow and easy to get dispensation from for the companies investing
in South Africa.
During the interview the South African interviewee clarified that she thought the reasons of
the submissiveness towards the Apartheid of the surrounding world was merely economical.
How does the Apartheid affect today’s life in South Africa? The laws protecting the acts of Apartheid started to disintegrate in 1990 sequent to the
liberation of Nelson Mandela, the leader of ANC, an opposition movement to the Apartheid,
after 28 years of imprisonment.
In 1994, the same year as Nelson Mandela got elected as the first black president of South
Africa, the last act was dismantled and everyone in the nation now possessed the same
political rights no matter what colour your skin had.
My interviewee, who had witnessed Apartheid as well as the dissolution of it, claimed that
even though everyone was given the same rights the mental barriers were difficult to
overcome. However, she stated that due to the economical advantage most white people in
South Africa still had they still had better opportunities in making a “good” career and that
the assets will be offset in her nation for numerous years to come. Furthermore she said that
there still existed some suspicion between the different “races” but that all South Africans
now strived to build a society resting on the fundamental bricks of forgiveness and love.
Discussion I did not expect the reasons of the establishment of the Apartheid to be as heavily based on
political strategies as they were. I thought tha t it was merely ignorance to the racial science
which proves that the differences between different races, except the physical, are minimal.
However, after writing my report I can see that the government which founded the
Apartheid mainly did it out of fear of losing control and the tremendous privileges given to
them by the colonisation. The easiest way of maintaining this control was to segregate due
to colour of skin since it is such an obvious attribute of a human being. But I think that if a
less difficult way of dividing people into an “elite” and the rest would have existed they
would not have hesitated once to cross the racial border. Though, lack of knowledge has
proven to be one of the most useful tools to keep the populace idle. Fear has made man do
appalling deeds throughout history.
All of the acts and the success of putting them to use were not results of harsh actions based
on hate. But the outcome of careful consideration, immense reflection and well executed
plans. I expected that brute force and mere luck were the causes of why the Apartheid Johan Strand NV3A, Ebersteinska Gymnasiet English C Project Work January 14
th , 2012
Tutor: Kristina Keldusild Apartheid Table of Content Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 3
Background .............................................................................................................................. 3
Aim ....................................................................................................................................... 3
Method ............................................................................................................................... 3
Results ..................................................................................................................................... 4
...................................................................................................................................................
Why was it established? ...................................................................................................... 4
How could it be so
successful?................................................................................. ..................5
How does it affect today’s
life?..................................................................................................6
Discussion…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….6, 7
Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………7
Sources……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..8
Introduction Background The infamous Apartheid in South Africa was one of the uttermost crimes ever to take place
against human rights. Segregation due to skin colour was not an uncommon phenomenon at
this time however, such absolute segregation as the Apartheid was where white and
coloured citizens could not even use the same public staircases was exceptional for South
Africa.
Aim After the Second World War the atrocious consequences of law based racism were evident.
Nevertheless South African government chose to institute laws of restrictions to the
coloured inhabitants of their nation. This makes me wonder; why did the government, even
though they possessed knowledge of the appalling costs, still establish this systematic
discrimination?
To protect human rights and prevent segregation of the same magnitude as the Holocaust,
or Apartheid, from happening again the UN was founded after the end of the war.
Nevertheless the Apartheid was founded without any major actions from this organization.
How is it that the South African rulers succeeded in doing so?
The Apartheid system is now officially removed. However, after living segregated for such a
long time as the different colours did with vast diverse opportunities in their lives it would
most certainly leave subconscious dislike for generations. So I wonder, how does the
Apartheid system affect the life of the South African population today?
Method To answer the questions listed above I have used two different methods. I thought that it
surely must exist an immense amount of facts considering the subject of Apartheid so I read
several different reports on the matter and its background to come to conclusions answering
the questions myself. However, to know how it affects the life in South Africa I thought that
you have to live there so I interviewed a citizen and made my conclusions based on that.
Results Why did the government establish the Apartheid? Black people were immediately repressed when the Dutch colonized South Africa in 1652.
Their rights in political matters were nonexistent and whites enslaved them by the force of
the ir white weapon technology.
In the late 19
th century when an increasing amount of natural resources were shown to be
positioned in dense quantities in the South African soil the British got exceedingly interested
in the land and thus invaded the two Dutch colonies that were situated in South Africa. This
invasion caused a great discontent among the Dutch inhabitants of the land and triggered
two civil wars. When these conflicts came to an end, with the Brits as winners, the two
nationalities had to learn how co-exist and oppress their hatred towards each other.
In the 1948’s election the “Afrikaners National Party” won, and the party’s strategists
devised a plan meant to accomplish two things. First off, they wanted to have the right by
law to enslave and keep control of the vast black majority that inhabited the country. In
order achieve the control over that mass they had to unite all the whites living in South
Africa. The union of the whites was, according to my analysis, their second and veiled
ambition which they had to fulfil in order to keep the white “supremacy” in absolute power
of the nation. Thus the two main purposes of the Apartheid were dependent on the other in
order to exist.
The reason why racial segregation was found necessary, though, was because of the moral
remains from the colonial era when black people were considered to be barbarians unable
of common sense and logical thinking. Hence they were thought of as able of performing
exclusively physical labour.
How did the South African government succeed in the founding of Apartheid without
evoking major reactions and actions of the UN? The strategists of the “Afrikaners National Party” were clever. When the different acts of
segregation were put in to use they did not launch them all at the same time , the first act
was in fact introduced 1950 and the final act in 1970.
The first law protected discrimination which was pinned was the “Group Areas Act”, this law
restricted and prohibited where black and coloured people were allowed to live and work.
No black were allowed to be the boss over a white and the coloured were not allowed to live
in the cities.
As the liberties of coloured people gradually decreased in South Africa the people in the rest
of the world got more irritated of the UN:s passivity in the matter and started to
demonstrate. When the white government of South Africa witnessed these tendenci es they
designed a smart solution to this problem. They created a number of so called “Bantustans”,
or homelands, these were situated in most infertile locations of South Africa. This was a
smart move for two reasons. First of all it satisfied the surrounding world by some degree
since these “Bantustans” were supposed to act as free states with their own black rulers. It
also got rid of the problem with the black political opposition since they could vote in their
own nation.
South Africa is an extremely wealthy country with plenty of natural resources , such as gold,
diamonds, platinum and fertile farmlands, and the main reason why the countries of the
western world did not produce any sustainable sanction towards them was because of just
that. The sanctions that were put up were merely actions to calm down the protesters, since
the sanctions were so shallow and easy to get dispensation from for the companies investing
in South Africa.
During the interview the South African interviewee clarified that she thought the reasons of
the submissiveness towards the Apartheid of the surrounding world was merely economical.
How does the Apartheid affect today’s life in South Africa? The laws protecting the acts of Apartheid started to disintegrate in 1990 sequent to the
liberation of Nelson Mandela, the leader of ANC, an opposition movement to the Apartheid,
after 28 years of imprisonment.
In 1994, the same year as Nelson Mandela got elected as the first black president of South
Africa, the last act was dismantled and everyone in the nation now possessed the same
political rights no matter what colour your skin had.
My interviewee, who had witnessed Apartheid as well as the dissolution of it, claimed that
even though everyone was given the same rights the mental barriers were difficult to
overcome. However, she stated that due to the economical advantage most white people in
South Africa still had they still had better opportunities in making a “good” career and that
the assets will be offset in her nation for numerous years to come. Furthermore she said that
there still existed some suspicion between the different “races” but that all South Africans
now strived to build a society resting on the fundamental bricks of forgiveness and love.
Discussion I did not expect the reasons of the establishment of the Apartheid to be as heavily based on
political strategies as they were. I thought tha t it was merely ignorance to the racial science
which proves that the differences between different races, except the physical, are minimal.
However, after writing my report I can see that the government which founded the
Apartheid mainly did it out of fear of losing control and the tremendous privileges given to
them by the colonisation. The easiest way of maintaining this control was to segregate due
to colour of skin since it is such an obvious attribute of a human being. But I think that if a
less difficult way of dividing people into an “elite” and the rest would have existed they
would not have hesitated once to cross the racial border. Though, lack of knowledge has
proven to be one of the most useful tools to keep the populace idle. Fear has made man do
appalling deeds throughout history.
All of the acts and the success of putting them to use were not results of harsh actions based
on hate. But the outcome of careful consideration, immense reflection and well executed
plans. I expected that brute force and mere luck were the causes of why the Apartheid
subsided for such a long period of time. Not that it was exclusively economical causes to the
passivity of the world.
I was not surprised that there were still some vestiges of the Apartheid alive in South Africa.
40 years of complete segregation leaves its marks, that is something ordinary people can
come to the conclusion of after just a few minutes of sensible thinking. What I was surprised
by, though, was the forgiving mentality which the black part of South Africa possessed. They
did not want justice. Instead they tried to forgive and bestow their adolescents with a nation
characterized by love and acceptance, an example all citizens of the world should follow.
Conclusion Conclusively I think that the project has been interesting to work with and has rendered me
with a broadened mind. Talking to the South African teacher made me realize that money is
not everything. Someone actually has to lose their money on every penny that I will ever
earn and that career is important but it always comes at a cost. The main purpose why I
enjoyed writing this report was that I got to chose a subject of my own hence it became
more fascinating to do the research on the subject and then draw, partly, own conclusions
on the topic. I hope that you find my essay as interesting to read as I found writing it. Johan Strand NV3A, Ebersteinska Gymnasiet English C Project Work January 14
th , 2012
Tutor: Kristina Keldusild Apartheid Table of Content Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 3
Background .............................................................................................................................. 3
Aim ....................................................................................................................................... 3
Method ............................................................................................................................... 3
Results ..................................................................................................................................... 4
...................................................................................................................................................
Why was it established? ...................................................................................................... 4
How could it be so
successful?................................................................................. ..................5
How does it affect today’s
life?..................................................................................................6
Discussion…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….6, 7
Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………7
Sources……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..8
Introduction Background The infamous Apartheid in South Africa was one of the uttermost crimes ever to take place
against human rights. Segregation due to skin colour was not an uncommon phenomenon at
this time however, such absolute segregation as the Apartheid was where white and
coloured citizens could not even use the same public staircases was exceptional for South
Africa.
Aim After the Second World War the atrocious consequences of law based racism were evident.
Nevertheless South African government chose to institute laws of restrictions to the
coloured inhabitants of their nation. This makes me wonder; why did the government, even
though they possessed knowledge of the appalling costs, still establish this systematic
discrimination?
To protect human rights and prevent segregation of the same magnitude as the Holocaust,
or Apartheid, from happening again the UN was founded after the end of the war.
Nevertheless the Apartheid was founded without any major actions from this organization.
How is it that the South African rulers succeeded in doing so?
The Apartheid system is now officially removed. However, after living segregated for such a
long time as the different colours did with vast diverse opportunities in their lives it would
most certainly leave subconscious dislike for generations. So I wonder, how does the
Apartheid system affect the life of the South African population today?
Method To answer the questions listed above I have used two different methods. I thought that it
surely must exist an immense amount of facts considering the subject of Apartheid so I read
several different reports on the matter and its background to come to conclusions answering
the questions myself. However, to know how it affects the life in South Africa I thought that
you have to live there so I interviewed a citizen and made my conclusions based on that.
Results Why did the government establish the Apartheid? Black people were immediately repressed when the Dutch colonized South Africa in 1652.
Their rights in political matters were nonexistent and whites enslaved them by the force of
the ir white weapon technology.
In the late 19
th century when an increasing amount of natural resources were shown to be
positioned in dense quantities in the South African soil the British got exceedingly interested
in the land and thus invaded the two Dutch colonies that were situated in South Africa. This
invasion caused a great discontent among the Dutch inhabitants of the land and triggered
two civil wars. When these conflicts came to an end, with the Brits as winners, the two
nationalities had to learn how co-exist and oppress their hatred towards each other.
In the 1948’s election the “Afrikaners National Party” won, and the party’s strategists
devised a plan meant to accomplish two things. First off, they wanted to have the right by
law to enslave and keep control of the vast black majority that inhabited the country. In
order achieve the control over that mass they had to unite all the whites living in South
Africa. The union of the whites was, according to my analysis, their second and veiled
ambition which they had to fulfil in order to keep the white “supremacy” in absolute power
of the nation. Thus the two main purposes of the Apartheid were dependent on the other in
order to exist.
The reason why racial segregation was found necessary, though, was because of the moral
remains from the colonial era when black people were considered to be barbarians unable
of common sense and logical thinking. Hence they were thought of as able of performing
exclusively physical labour.
How did the South African government succeed in the founding of Apartheid without
evoking major reactions and actions of the UN? The strategists of the “Afrikaners National Party” were clever. When the different acts of
segregation were put in to use they did not launch them all at the same time , the first act
was in fact introduced 1950 and the final act in 1970.
The first law protected discrimination which was pinned was the “Group Areas Act”, this law
restricted and prohibited where black and coloured people were allowed to live and work.
No black were allowed to be the boss over a white and the colour...

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http://www.africanaencyklopedia.com/apartheid/apartheid.html, Collected 2011-11-22 http://www-cs-students.stanford.edu/~cale/cs201/apartheid.hist.html, Collected 2011-11-22 http://www.ne.se/lang/apartheid, Nationalencyklopedin, Collected 2011-11-22 http://www.ne.se/lang/bantustan, Nationalencyklopedin, Collected 2011-11-22 http://www.ne.se/lang/nelson-mandela, Nationalencyklopedin, Collected 2011-11-22

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Källhänvisning

Inactive member [2012-02-27]   Apartheid
Mimers Brunn [Online]. https://mimersbrunn.se/article?id=59077 [2020-01-20]

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