William Wordsworth

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William was born in Cockermouth, Cumberland, in the Lake District, on April 17, 1770. He was second of five childrens. His father, John Wordsworth was a lawyer to Sir James Lowther, the most powerful man in the area. William had a love for nature and a deeply imagination because of magnificent landscape he lived in. When he was eight (1778), he lost his mother and five years later he even lost his father. The emotional problems he had do deal with separated William with his beloved sister Dorothy. And she was a very important person in his life.
But he got some help from his two uncles and they helped him entered a local school named Anne Birkett''''s school at Penrith. There one of his classmates was his future wife named Mary Hutchinson. After that William continued his studies at Cambridge University. It was when he published a sonnet in The European Magazine 1787 that he starts to become a real poet. He entered St. John’s College in Cambridge in the same year. There he took his B.A. in the year 1791.
William had also been on a walking tour through a revolutionary France and also travelled in Switzerland, during a summer vacation in 1790. William also had an affair with a French girl on his second journey to France. Her name was Anette Vallon and she was a daughter to a barber-surgeon. She and William had an illegitimate daughter named Ann Caroline. The poem “Vaudracour and Julia” had this affair as a base when William wrote it. But he usually did his best to hide affair from his poetry.
Then he met S.T. Coleridge (another poet), and fast they became good friends. In 1795 Coleridge helped William received a legacy so that his financial situation became better. Therefore he was able to settle down in Racedown in Dorset, with his sister Dorothy. Stimulated by the close contact with nature and encouraged by Coleridge, William composed his first masterwork “Lyrical Ballads” which opened with Coleridge’s “Ancient Mariner”. Then he started to write a large and philosophical autobiographical poem, about 1798. It was completed in 1805, and published posthumously in 1850 under the title The Prelude.
In the winter of 1798-99, William spent some time with his sister and Coleridge in Germany. There he even wrote some poems, including the enigmatic “Lucy” poems. After that he moved to Dave Cottage in Grasmere and in 1802 he also married Mary Hutchinson. They took care for William’s sister for the last years of her life.
In 1807 William''''s second verse collection, Poems, In Two Volumes, appeared. And his central works were produced between 1797 and 1808. William’s poems written during middle and late years have not gained similar critical support. In 1812, the Wordsworth household was struck by two tragedies. In June the poet''''s daughter Catherine died, and in December his son Thomas. This was certainly one of the most devastating periods in the poet''''s life. He moved from Grasmere in 1813. Then he was appointed official distributor of stamps for Westmoreland. He spent the rest of his life in Rydal Mount in Ambleside. William abandoned his radical ideas and in his later life he became a patriotic, conservative public man.
But his fame grew. In 1839 he was named an honorary Doctor of Civil Law at Oxford. In 1840 Queen Adelaide paid a visit to Rydal Mount. In 1843, on the death of Southey, W...

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Inactive member [2006-02-02]   William Wordsworth
Mimers Brunn [Online]. https://mimersbrunn.se/article?id=5625 [2019-10-15]

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