Irish sports

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Gaelic Football

Gaelic Football is a type of football. It started in Ireland in the 16th century and it is still popular there. The game is playing for the Gaelic Athletic Association. The first reported match was played 1712 at Slane. Meath played with their neighbors Louth. The first record of Gaelic Football is in the Statues of Galway in 1527.
Gaelic Fotboll is played by women and men in teams. It´s played on a grass pitch. The size of the pitch may be 130 meters by 80 meters, but it can vary. The teams has 15 players. It will be an goalkeeper, 6 defenders, 2 centre fielders and 6 forwards in the team. The ball is round, little smaller than a soccer ball. The players is wearing their team colours and number on the back. Both teams must have different colours. They have numbers from 20 to 100.


THE FIELD

Goalkeeper

Right corner-back Full-back Left corner-back
Right half-back Centre half-back Left half-back
Midfielder Midfielder
Right half-forward Centre half-forward Left half-forward
Right corner-forward Full-forward Left corner-forward

Rules and points

You can hit other players as hard as you like to. But only between hips and shoulders with your open palm. The player must kick, punsch or hand pass the ball (they must hold it with one hand and punsch it with the other hand). It´s allowed to catch the ball, but you can only take 4 steps before you must play it. The goals are like rugby goals. It means that if a player scores one point if the ball passes between the post and over the crossbar. But if a ball goes into the goal, is it worth three points. If they make a goal they will raising up a green flag. A point is raising up with a white flag.
The goalkeeper is the only one on the field who is allowed to pitch the ground. A player can not pitch up the ball from the ground, but he can ”flick” it up with the foot.
Gaelic Football is a fast game. It playes over 80 minutes with two halves of 35 minutes with 10 minute interval.
The rules decided in 1884 by G.A.A (Gaelic Athletic Association).
HURLING

THE GAME
A match is two 30 minute halves in league matches and two 35 minute halves in championship matches.
The field is 130 to 145 meters long and 80 to 90 meters wide with goal posts at either. The goals are shaped like an "H". A point is scored if the ball goes between the bars and over the crossbar. A goal, which isn´t the same as a point, are scored if the ball passes between the goal posts under the crossbar. The sliothar can be carried in the hand up to four steps, or during the entire match if placed on the end of the hurley. The sliothar can be passed by kicking, hitting it with the hurley or by passing it with the hand (but then you have to strike it with you hand open). The sliothar can be struck with the hurley while it´s in the air or on the ground. There is no off-side rule in hurling.
Hurling is probably the fastest land sport in the world, and probably one of the most dangerous too.
THE REFEREES
There is one referee who´s in charge and follows the game from the pitch and two lines men watches the game from sidelines and four umpires are each placed at one of the four goal posts.
If a player gets booked twice by the referee for fouls, he is sent off the pitch for the rest of the match. You can be booked for several things. Example

* Hitting or kicking players or referees
* Stamping players, a referee seldom gets stamped on
* Playing or behaving in a hazardous manner.

There`s also something called a technical foul, players will not be booked for fouls like these. This happens if you are example:

* Breaking the four step rule
* Throwing the ball
* Hiding the ball
* Dropping the hurley intentionally
* Being in the opponents’ keeper square when the sliothar is not played into it.

THE TEAM

In hurling, each team has 15 players and a number of substitutes. Up to three substitutes can be used during one match. The players has a hurley, which is made of ash wood and about 90 cm, to strike or carry with a ball who´s called sliothar. The sliothar is very hard because it´s made of cork. The circumference is between 23 and 25 cm and the sliothar´s weight is between 100 and 130 g. The field is 130-140 meters long and 80-90 meters wide.
THE FIELD
The teams are lined up like this:

1 goalkeeper
6 defenders
2 mid fielders
6 forwards



Goalkeeper
Right corner-back Full-back Left corner-back

Right half-back Centre half-back Left half-back

Midfielder Midfielder
Right half-forward Centre half-forward Left half-forward

Right corner-forward Full-forward Left corner-forward...

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naze özcan [2003-04-05]   Irish sports
Mimers Brunn [Online]. http://mimersbrunn.se/article?id=1921 [2017-06-28]

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